Trade Union News from Finland
Finland, Denmark, Germany and Sweden have successfully reformed their labour
markets in the 2000s
Helsinki (21.05.2012 - Juhani Artto) In the 2000s, Finland, Denmark, Germany
and Sweden have waged an active labour market policy. They have continuously
reformed their labour markets in order to balance supply and demand. All
countries have succeeded fairly well in this demanding task, at least when
comparing their achievements with other EU Member States. In these four
countries employment rates are higher and unemployment rates lower
than in EU Member States on average.
A new study*, commissioned and published by the Ministry of Employment and
the Economy in Finland (MEE), analyses labour market reforms in these
four countries from 2000 to 2010.
The findings and conclusions of the 106-page study are summarized by the
authors as follows.
"In Denmark, especially innovative is the combination of broad activation
policy, relatively generous unemployment benefits and loose employment
protection regulation, known as the Danish flexicurity model. Denmark has
been especially successful in integration of young people, the general
employment rate is high and the labour market dynamic."
"Germany has experienced a continuum of systematic reforming. Germany has,
due to the broad reforms, improved the overall labour market performance."
"Fostering the long-term labour supply and effective integration of the
difficult groups of people to the labour market has been emphasised in
Sweden. In Sweden the general and elderly employment rates are high and the
labour market dynamic."
"The Finnish transition security and education on ones own initiative with
unemployment benefits can be considered as innovative reforms. Finland has
succeeded in improving the employment of the elderly and also the female
employment rate is high."
*Study indicates that long-term approach is needed on labour market reforms, MEE 10.05.2012