Finnish industry has not lost its price competitiveness
Helsinki (07.12.2012 - Juhani Artto) Finland's exports have weakened in the
2000s, and last year the current account balance slipped into negative
figures for the first time in many years. Employer representatives claim
that the problems in exports are due to weakened price competitiveness of
the industrial sector. But this is not true, comments Jorma Antila, the
director of the research unit at the Metalworkers' Union.
He refers to statistics that offer no hard facts in support of the
claims. The price competitiveness of the industrial sector has remained
fairly stable throughout the 2000s, Antila reminds us in his column in Ahjo,
the magazine of the Metalworkers' Union.
There are other factors that explain the fall off in exports. In two
sectors there have been and are serious structural problems. These sectors are the
electronics industry (Nokia and its subcontractors) which had enjoyed
tremendous gains with the advent of the mobile telephone era,
and the forest industry which used to be the leading export sector almost
throughout the entire 20th century. Last year exports for the electronics
industry reached only half the level of the years from 2006 to 2008.
The negative development in these two sectors is not due to a lack of
price competitiveness but to the growth in markets centred outside of
Europe, Antila stresses. Companies have reacted to this change by updating
their strategies and moving jobs away from Finland.
Other industrial sectors have not suffered from the same kind of problems.
Their inability to increase exports has mainly been caused by feeble
international economic trends and a lack of foreign investment as a
consequence of these trends.
"The employers' wrong-headed analysis has led to false conclusions in the
policy", Antila writes. Employers have focused mainly on wage and salary
issues and on demands for all kinds of subsidies. "This sort of fiddling
does not solve the problems of Finland's exports", he notes critically.
"Even now there are in the Finnish metal and engineering industry export
companies that are doing well, based on good products and on well-considered
investments. Labour costs have not obstructed their success."
Antila believes that key to success can be found in investing in companies'
"production, activity, management and new opportunities". Unions are ready
to cooperate with companies in this kind of search for success, he insists.
He urges business leaders to create a positive and open atmosphere at work
places instead of inciting pessimism.